IPAF Push Around Vertical (PAV)



IPAF Push Around Vertical (PAV) MEWP Operator Training Course

Awarding Body:

International Powered Access Federation (IPAF)

Industry Specific:

Operation of Push Around Vertical (PAV) Mobile Elevating Work Platforms (MEWPs)

Course Summary:

Low-level access describes an innovative and relatively new sector within the access industry. The term is generally used to denote Push Around Vertical (PAV) equipment, used to operate in environments approximately around 4.5-5m working height, usually internal and on flat, level surfaces.  However, as with any equipment it’s important the operator receives suitable training.

Course Aim:

To instruct an operator to prepare and safely operate various types of Low-level Access Push Around Vertical (PAV) Platforms, to obtain evidence of training and MEWP Operators’ Licence.


Training by an IPAF Instructor

Course Duration:

Half Day Course

Course Theory:

  • Introduction – Facilities, PAL Card Overview and Pre-course theory test.
  • Legislation and Guidance – ISO 18878, European, HSWA, PUWER, LOLER, WAHR & RIDDOR.
  • Pre-Use Inspections / Handovers – Thorough examinations, familiarisation, pre-use inspection, identify safety items and controls, defects and emergency descent.
  • Safe operating methods and hazards – Do’s and Don’ts.
  • Theory Test – Individual written test with explanation of pass requirements. Failure means applicants will have to resit the course another day.

Practical Training:

  • Introduction to the actual machine – Walk around and familiarisation.
  • Major component – Identification of each component and its function.
  • Pre-use check and inspection – Carry out all the required checks / inspections on the following items: tyres, main frame, fluid levels, hoses, electrical cables, cage, brakes, lights, travel, controls, (lower / upper), pins / retaining bolts and decals any additional points from the machine operations manual.
  • Starting / stopping machine – Correct starting and shut down procedures.
  • Pre-use function checks – Fully function the machine and carry out full emergency lowering procedures.
  • Planning the route – Gradients, access, overhead obstructions and ground conditions.
  • Travelling the route and manoeuvring the machine (where applicable) – Ensure the route is clear.
  • Setting the machine for work – Practice setting up, barrier off requirements, stabiliser set-up and carry out stabiliser deployment checks.
  • Basic Operational Practice – Carry out operational functions at two-thirds of full working envelope so far as is reasonably practical, observe all safety practices.
  • Typical Work Applications – Carry out practice applications observing all safety practices.
  • Parking the machine – Ensure that the machine is correctly parked, brakes applied, keys removed and clearance of all obstacles. Correct procedures: battery checks, charging and safety precautions.
  • Practical Assessment – Individual verbal and practical test based on the use of the MEWP operator practical test plan with explanation of pass requirements.
  • Course Evaluation – Course evaluation and close.

Course Qualification:

On completion of the course, applicants are provided with documentation to prove that they are certified, as well as an IPAF PAL Card to carry with them on site. It remains valid for five years.

Joining Instructions:

Due to regular IPAF training programme updates, course criteria and content may be subject to change. All IPAF training centres will advise and provide the relevant information and specific joining instructions prior to applicants undertaking a course. To find an IPAF Approved Training Centre that currently offers this course you can search by region in our IPAF Training Directory.


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